A chronology of scientific articles, proceedings, working papers, and books that trace the evolution and mystery of Cascadia’s fault from early continental drift to plate tectonics and to the current reality. 

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Wegener, Alfred. The Origin of Continents and Oceans. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1924.

Benioff, Hugo. “Seismic Evidence for the Fault Origin of Oceanic Deeps.” Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 60 (December 1949): 1837–66.

Hess, H. H. “History of Ocean Basins.” In Petrologic Studies: A Volume to Honor A. F. Buddington, edited by A. E. J. Engel, Harold L. James, and B. F. Leonard, 599–620. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1962.

Vine, F. J., and D. H. Matthews. “Magnetic Anomalies over Ocean Ridges.” Nature 199, no. 4897 (September 1963): 947–49.

Wilson, J. Tuzo. “Are the Continents Drifting? A New Look at a Controversial Question.” The UNESCO Courier no. 10 (October 1963): 3–11.

“Hypothesis of Earth’s Behaviour.” Nature 198, no. 4884 (June 1963): 925–29.

Benioff, Hugo. “Earthquake Source Mechanisms: Although Progress Has Been Made in the Understanding of Earthquakes, Many Problems Remain.” Science 143, no. 3613 (March 1964): 1399–1406.

Plafker, George. “Tectonic Deformation Associated with the 1964 Alaska Earthquake.” Science 148, no. 3678 (June 1965): 1675–87.

Press, Frank, and David Jackson. “Alaskan Earthquake, 27 March 1964: Vertical Extent of Faulting and Elastic Strain Energy Release.” Science n.s. 147, no. 3660 (February 1965): 867–68.

Wilson, J. Tuzo. “A New Class of Faults and Their Bearing on Continental Drift.” Nature 207, no. 4995 (July 1965): 343–47.

“Transform Faults, Oceanic Ridges and Magnetic Anomalies Southwest of Vancouver Island.” Science 150, no. 3695 (October 1965): 482–85.

Isacks, Bryan, and Jack Oliver. “Seismology and the New Global Tectonics.” Journal of Geophysical Research 73, no. 18 (September 1968): 5855–99.

Griggs, G. B., and L. D. Kulm. “Sedimentation in Cascadia Deep-Sea Channel.” Geological Society of America Bulletin 81 (May 1970): 1361–84.

Plafker, George, and J. C. Savage. “Mechanism of the Chilean Earthquakes of May 21 and 22, 1960.” Geological Society of America Bulletin 81 (April 1970): 1001–30.

Committee on the Alaska Earthquake. The Great Alaska Earthquake of 1964: Seismology and Geodesy. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences, 1972.

Riddihough, R. P., and R. D. Hyndman. “Canada’s Active Western Margin: The Case for Subduction.” Geoscience Canada 3, no. 4 (1976): 269–78.

Ando, Masataka, and Emery I. Balazs. “Geodetic Evidence for Aseismic Subduction of the Juan de Fuca Plate.” Journal of Geophysical Research 84, no. B6 (June 1979): 3023–27.

Savage, J. C., M. Lisowski, and W. H. Prescott. “Geodetic Strain Measurements in Washington.” Journal of Geophysical Research 86, no. B6 (June 1981): 4929–40.

Reilinger, Robert, and John Adams. “Geodetic Evidence for Active Landward Tilting on the Oregon and Washington Coastal Ranges.” Geophysical Research Letters 9, no. 4 (April 1982): 401–3.

Adams, John. “Active Deformation of the Pacific Northwest Continental Margin.” Tectonics 3, no. 4 (August 1984): 449–72.

Heaton, Thomas H., and Hiroo Kanamori. “Seismic Potential Associated with Subduction in the Northwestern United States.” Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 74, no. 3 (June 1984): 933–41.

Bakun, W. H., and A. G. Lindh. “The Parkfield, California, Earthquake Prediction Experiment.” Science 229, no. 4714 (August 1985): 619–24.

Heaton, Thomas H., and Parke D. Snavely Jr. “Possible Tsunami along the Northwestern Coast of the United States Inferred from Indian Traditions.” Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 75, no. 5 (October 1985): 1455–60.

Heaton, Thomas H., and Stephen H. Hartzell. “Source Characteristics of Hypothetical Subduction Earthquakes in the Northwestern United States.” Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 76, no. 3 (June 1986): 675–708.

Mitchell, Denis, John Adams, Ronald H. DeVall, Robert C. Lo, and Dieter Weichert.

“Lessons from the 1985 Mexican Earthquake.” Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering 13 (1986): 535–57.

Atwater, Brian F. “Evidence for Great Holocene Earthquakes along the Outer Coast of Washington State.” Science 236, no. 4804 (May 1987): 942–44.

Carver, G. A., and R. M. Burke. “Late Pleistocene and Holocene Paleoseismicity of Little Salmon and Mad River Thrust Systems, NW California: Implications to the Seismic Potential of the Cascadia Subduction Zone.” Geological Society of America Bulletin, Abstracts with Programs no. 125029 (1987).

Heaton, Thomas H., and Stephen H. Hartzell. “Earthquake Hazards on the Cascadia Subduction Zone.” Science 236, no. 4798 (April 1987): 162–68.

Yeats, Robert S. “Summary of Symposium on Oregon’s Earthquake Potential Held February 28, 1987, at Western Oregon State College in Monmouth.” Oregon Geology 49, no. 8 (August 1987): 97–98.

Dragert, H., and G. C. Rogers. “Could a Megathrust Earthquake Strike Southwestern British Columbia?” Geos 3 (1988): 5–8.

Nance, John J. On Shaky Ground: An Invitation to Disaster. New York: William Morrow, 1988.

Rogers, Garry C. “An Assessment of the Megathrust Earthquake Potential of the Cascadia Subduction Zone.” Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 25 (1988): 844–52.

Adams, John. “Paleoseismicity of the Cascadia Subduction Zone: Evidence from Turbidites off the Oregon–Washington Margin.” Tectonics 9, no. 4 (August 1990): 569–83.

Darienzo, Mark E., and Curt D. Peterson. “Episodic Tectonic Subsidence of Late Holocene Salt Marshes, Northern Oregon Central Cascadia Margin.” Tectonics 9, no. 1 (1990): 1–22.

Dragert, H., and M. Lisowski. “Crustal Deformation Measurements on Vancouver Island, British Columbia: 1976 to 1988.” In Proceedings of a Symposium Held within the General Meeting of the International Association of Geodesy in Edinburgh, Scotland, August 3–5, 1989, edited by Ivan I. Mueller, 241–50. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1990.

Atwater, Brian F., and David K. Yamaguchi. “Sudden, Probably Coseismic Submergence of Holocene Trees and Grass in Coastal Washington State.” Geology 19 (July 1991): 706–9.

Goldfinger, C., L. D. Kulm, R. S. Yeats, B. Applegate, M. MacKay, and G. F. Moore. “Transverse Structural Trends along the Oregon Convergent Margin: Implications for Cascadia Earthquake Potential.” Geology 20 (February 1992): 141–44.

Hyndman, R. D., and K. Wang. “Thermal Constraints on the Zone of Major Thrust Earthquake Failure: The Cascadia Subduction Zone.” Journal of Geophysical Research 98, no. B2 (1993): 2039–60.

Oppenheimer, D., G. Beroza, G. Carver, L. Dengler, J. Eaton, L. Gee, F. Gonzalez et al. “The Cape Mendocino, California, Earthquakes of April 1992: Subduction at the Triple Junction.” Science 261, no. 5120 (July 1993): 433–38.

Clague, John J., and Peter T. Bobrowsky. “Evidence for a Large Earthquake and Tsunami 100–400 Years ago on Western Vancouver Island, British Columbia.” Quaternary Research 41 (1994): 176–84.

Darienzo, M. E., C. D. Peterson, and C. Clough. “Stratigraphic Evidence for Great Subduction-Zone Earthquakes at Four Estuaries in Northern Oregon, U.S.A.” Journal of Coastal Research 10, no. 4 (1994): 850–76.

Hyndman, R. D., and K. Wang. “The Rupture Zone of Cascadia Great Earthquakes from Current Deformation and the Thermal Regime.” Journal of Geophysical Research 100, no. B11 (November 1995): 22133–54.

McCaffrey, Robert, and Chris Goldfinger. “Forearc Deformation and Great Subduction Earthquakes: Implications for Cascadia Offshore Earthquake Potential.” Science 267, no. 5199 (February 1995): 856–59.

Nelson, Alan R., Brian F. Atwater, Peter T. Bobrowsky, Lee-Ann Bradley, John J. Clague, Mark E. Darienzo, Wendy C. Grant et al. “Radiocarbon Evidence for Extensive Plate-Boundary Rupture about 300 Years ago at the Cascadia Subduction Zone.” Nature 378 (November 1995): 371–74.

Adams, John. “Great Earthquakes Recorded by Turbidites off the Oregon–Washington Coast.” In Assessing Earthquake Hazards and Reducing Risk in the Pacific Northwest, vol. 1, edited by Albert M. Rogers, Timothy J. Walsh, William J. Knockelman, and George R. Priest, 147–58. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1560. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1996.

Minor, Rick, and Wendy C. Grant. “Earthquake-Induced Subsidence and Burial of Late Holocene Archaeological Sites, Northern Oregon Coast.” American Antiquity 61 (1996): 772–81.

Satake, Kenji, Kunihiko Shimazaki, Yoshinobu Tsuji, and Kazue Ueda. “Time and Size of a Giant Earthquake in Cascadia Inferred from Japanese Tsunami Records of January 1700.” Nature 379 (January 1996): 246–49.

Atwater, B. F., and E. Hemphill-Haley. Recurrence Intervals for Great Earthquakes of the Past 3500 Years at Northeastern Willapa Bay, Washington. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1576. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997.

Geller, Robert J., David D. Jackson, Yan Y. Kagan, and Francesco Mulargia. “Earthquakes Cannot Be Predicted.” Science 275, no. 5306 (March 1997): 1616–17.

Goldfinger, C., L. D. Kulm, R. S. Yeats, L. McNeill, and C. Hummon. “Oblique Strike-Slip Faulting of the Central Cascadia Submarine Forearc.” Journal of Geophysical Research 102, no. B4 (1997): 8217–43.

Yamaguchi, David K., Brian F. Atwater, Daniel E. Bunker, Boyd E. Benson, and Marion S. Reid. “Tree-Ring Dating the 1700 Cascadia Earthquake.” Nature 389 (October 1997): 922.

Carver, Deborah H. Native Stories of Earthquake and Tsunamis, Redwood National Park, California. Crescent City, CA: U.S. National Park Service, 1998. Suggest ions for further reading 327.

Goldfinger, C., and C. H. Nelson. “Holocene Recurrence of Cascadia Great Earthquakes Based on the Turbidite Event Record.” Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 80 (1999): 1024.

Oreskes, Naomi. The Rejection of Continental Drift: Theory and Method in American Earth Science. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Nelson, C. H., C. Goldfinger, and J. E. Johnson. “Turbidite Event Stratigraphy and Implications for Cascadia Basin Paleoseismicity.” In Penrose Conference 2000 Great Cascadia Earthquake Tricentennial, edited by J. J. Clague, B. F. Atwater, K. Wang, Y. Wang, and I. Wong, 156. Special Paper 33. Portland: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries, 2000.

Dragert, Herb, Kelin Wang, and Thomas S. James. “A Silent Slip Event on the Deeper Cascadia Subduction Interface.” Science 292, no. 5521 (May 2001): 1525–28.

Goldfinger, C., C. H. Nelson, and J. E. Johnson. “Temporal Patterns of Turbidites Offshore the Northern San Andreas Fault and Correlation to Paleoseismic Events Onshore.” Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 82 (2001): F934.

Garrison-Laney, C. E., H. F. Abramson, and G. A. Carver. “Late Holocene Tsunamis Near the Southern End of the Cascadia Subduction Zone.” Seismological Research Letters 73, no. 2 (2002): 248.

McMillan, Alan D., and Ian Hutchison. “When the Mountain Dwarfs Danced: Aboriginal Traditions of Paleoseismic Events along the Cascadia Subduction Zone of Western North America.” Ethnohistory 49, no. 1 (2002): 42–68.

Goldfinger, Chris, C. Hans Nelson, Joel E. Johnson, and the Shipboard Scientific Party. “Deep-Water Turbidites as Holocene Earthquake Proxies: The Cascadia Subduction Zone and Northern San Andreas Fault System.” Annals of Geophysics 46, no. 5 (October 2003): 1169–94.

Oreskes, Naomi, ed., with Homer Le Grand. Plate Tectonics: An Insider’s History of the Modern Theory of the Earth. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2003.

Rogers, Garry, and Herb Dragert. “Episodic Tremor and Slip on the Cascadia Subduction Zone: The Chatter of Silent Slip.” Science 300, no. 5627 (June 2003): 1942–43.

Satake, Kenji, Kelin Wang, and Brian F. Atwater. “Fault Slip and Seismic Moment of the 1700 Cascadia Earthquake Inferred from Japanese Tsunami Descriptions.” Journal of Geophysical Research 108, no. B11 (2003): 2535.

Winchester, Simon. Krakatoa: The Day the World Exploded; August 27, 1883. New York: Harper Perennial, 2003.

Dragert, H., K. Wang, and G. Rogers. “Geodetic and Seismic Signatures of Episodic Tremor and Slip in the Northern Cascadia Subduction Zone.” Earth Planets Space 56 (2004): 1143–50.

Yeats, Robert S. Living with Earthquakes in the Pacific Northwest: A Survivor’s Guide. 2nd ed. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 2004.

Atwater, Brian F., Musumi-Rokkaku Satoko, Satake Kenji, Tsuji Yoshinobu, Ueda Kazue, and David K. Yamaguchi. The Orphan Tsunami of 1700: Japanese Clues to a Parent Earthquake in North America. Reston, VA: U.S. Geological Survey in association with University of Washington Press, 2005.

Lindh, Allan Goddard. “Opinion: Success and Failure at Parkfield.” Seismological Research Letters 76, no. 1 (January–February 2005): 3–6.

Ludwin, Ruth S., Robert Dennis, Deborah Carver, Alan D. McMillan, Robert Losey, John Clague, Chris Jonientz-Trisler et al. “Dating the 1700 Cascadia Earthquake: Great Coastal Earthquakes in Native Stories.” Seismological Research Letters 76, no. 2 (March 2005): 140–48.

Winchester, Simon. A Crack in the Edge of the World: America and the Great California Earthquake of 1906. New York: Harper Perennial, 2005.

Clague, John, Chris Yorath, Richard Franklin, and Bob Turner. At Risk: Earthquakes and Tsunamis on the West Coast. Vancouver: Tricouni Press, 2006.

Goldfinger, C., and L. C. McNeill. “Sumatra and Cascadia: Parallels Explored.” Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting Supplement, Abstract U53A-0026, v. 87 (2006).

Wang, Kelin, Qi-Fu Chen, Shihong Sun, and Andong Wang. “Predicting the 1975 Haicheng Earthquake.” Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 96, no. 3 (June 2006): 757–95.

Bernard, E. N., L. A. Dengler, and S. C. Yim. National Tsunami Research Plan: Report of a Workshop Sponsored by NSF/NOAA. NOAA Technical Memorandum OAR PMEL-133, March. Seattle: U.S. Department of Commerce, 2007.

Goldfinger, C., Yusuf S. Djajadihardja, and the Shipboard Scientific Research Party. “Cruise Report, PaleoQuakes07, 7 May–14 June, 2007.” Paleoseismologic Studies of the Sunda Subduction Zone. Oregon State University Active Tectonics Laboratory and Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology, Indonesia, 2007.

Satake, Kenji, and Brian F. Atwater. “Long-Term Perspectives on Giant Earthquakes and Tsunamis at Subduction Zones.” Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 35 (2007): 349–75.

Field, Edward H., Kevin R. Milner, and the 2007 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities. Forecasting California Earthquakes: What Can We Expect in the Next 30 Years? USGS Fact Sheet 2008–3027.

Goldfinger, C., C. H. Nelson, A. Morey, J. E. Johnson, J. Gutierrez-Pastor, A. T. Eriksson, E. Karabanov et al. Turbidite Event History: Methods and Implications for Holocene Paleoseismicity of the Cascadia Subduction Zone. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1661-F. Reston, VA: U.S. Geological Survey, 2010.